Child psychology, also called child development, the study of the psychological processes of children and, specifically, how these processes differ from those of adults, how they develop from birth to the end of adolescence, and how and why they differ from one child to the next.
What is child psychology and development?
Child psychology is the study of subconscious and conscious childhood development. Child psychologists observe how a child interacts with their parents, themselves, and the world, to understand their mental development.
What are the main features of child psychology?
It includes the observation and understanding of the world around them, language learning, memory, decision-making, problem-solving, how the child uses their imagination, and how the child uses basic reasoning. All of these factors are influenced by a child’s genetics and environment.
What are the 5 types of child development?
The components of child development. Scientists describe child development as cognitive, social, emotional, and physical. While children’s development is commonly described in these categories, in reality it is more complicated than that.
What is child development called?
Child development refers to the sequence of physical, language, thought and emotional changes that occur in a child from birth to the beginning of adulthood. During this process a child progresses from dependency on their parents/guardians to increasing independence.
What are the 4 stages of child development?
Piaget’s four stages of intellectual (or cognitive) development are:
- Sensorimotor. Birth through ages 18-24 months.
- Preoperational. Toddlerhood (18-24 months) through early childhood (age 7)
- Concrete operational. Ages 7 to 11.
- Formal operational. Adolescence through adulthood.
What are the types of child psychology?
The child psychology field offers multiple career paths and specializations, including in general psychology, school psychology, neuropsychology, forensic psychology, and clinical psychology.
What are the 7 areas of development?
We’ll now take a brief look at each of these 7 areas and why they are important.
- Communication and language development. …
- Physical development. …
- Personal, social, and emotional development. …
- Literacy development. …
- Mathematics. …
- Understanding the world. …
- Expressive arts and design.
What are the most critical years in a child’s development?
Parent Tip. Recent brain research indicates that birth to age three are the most important years in a child’s development.
What age is a child most influenced?
Formal cultural consensus analysis of responses met criteria for strong agreement that the period for greatest impact of parenting on a child’s development occurs at adolescence, at a median age of 12 years.