Best answer: What are the two types of interference in psychology?

There are two different types of interference: proactive interference and retroactive interference.

What is retroactive and proactive interference?

Proactive interference (pro=forward) occurs when you cannot learn a new task because of an old task that had been learnt. … Retroactive interference (retro=backward) occurs when you forget a previously learnt task due to the learning of a new task.

What are some examples of proactive interference?

Proactive interference refers to the interference effect of previously learned materials on the acquisition and retrieval of newer materials. An example of proactive interference in everyday life would be a difficulty in remembering a friend’s new phone number after having previously learned the old number.

What are two basic theories concerning interference?

Interference is an explanation for forgetting in long term memory. The basic theory states that interference occurs when information that is similar in format gets in the way of the information that someone is trying to recall. There are two types of interference; retroactive and proactive.

What is proactive interference?

Proactive interference (PI) refers to the reduction in memory performance for recently learned information resulting from the prior learning of related materials and has been shown to play an important role in forgetting (for a review, see Anderson & Neely, 1996).

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What is an example of motivated forgetting?

Motivated forgetting is also defined as a form of conscious coping strategy. For instance, a person might direct his/her mind towards unrelated topics when something reminds them of unpleasant events.

What is interference in learning?

The interference theory is a theory regarding human memory. Interference occurs in learning. The notion is that memories encoded in long-term memory (LTM) are forgotten and cannot be retrieved into short-term memory (STM) because either memory interferes, or hampers, the other.

What Does interference mean?

1a : the act or process of interfering. b : something that interferes : obstruction. 2a : the illegal hindering of an opponent in sports. b : the legal blocking of an opponent in football to make way for the ballcarrier.

What is an example of retrieval failure?

Memories cannot be recalled due to the lack of the right retrieval cues being used. … state an everyday example of retrieval failure. needing a pen, going upstairs, and then forgetting what you were doing. an example is of retrieval failure is, needing a pen, going upstairs, and then forgetting what you were doing.

What are the 3 theories of forgetting?

There are at least three general categories of theories of memory which suggest reasons why we forget. The theories can be classified as psychological, neurochemical, and physiological.

What are the four theories of forgetting?

These have led to some major theories of forgetting.

  • The Interference Theory.
  • The Decay Theory of Forgetting.
  • The Retrieval Failure Theory.
  • The Cue-Dependent Theory of Forgetting.