In simple terms functionalism looks at how the mind functions in different psychological situations. Behaviorism looks at how behavior is related to the study of the mind. Functionalism is about the mind and mental processes and behaviorism centers on external forces being responsible for behaviors.
What is the difference between functionalism and structuralism?
Structuralism suggests that the goal of psychology is to study the structure of the mind and consciousness, while functionalism puts forth that understanding the purpose of the mind and consciousness is the aim of psychology. Functionalism was developed as a response to structuralism.
How does behaviorism differ from constructivism?
The key difference between these two approaches is that behaviorism is centered around transmission of knowledge from the instructor to the student (passive student and a top-down or instructor-centered approach) whereas constructivism is focused on the construction of knowledge by the student (active student and a …
What is the main difference between the behaviorist theory of personality and the psychoanalyst theory?
Behaviorists give prominence to the external behavior of individuals and believe that behavior is a response to external stimuli. On the other hand, psychoanalysis emphasizes the centrality of the human mind. They believe that the unconscious has the potential to motivate behavior.
What are the main ideas of functionalism?
The primary concepts within Functionalism are collective conscience, value consensus, social order, education, family, crime and deviance and the media. Functionalist sociologists like Parsons and Durkheim have been concerned with the search for functions that institutions may have in society.
What is the main idea of structuralism?
Structuralism developed the idea that the structure of mind (i.e., cognitive structure) is the result of evolutionary and genetically determined biological forces and that the products of human effort reflect the biological basis of structure.
What is the behaviorist approach?
Human behavior is learned, thus all behavior can be unlearned and newbehaviors learned in its place. Behaviorism is concerned primarily with theobservable and measurable aspects of human behavior. Therefore when behaviorsbecome unacceptable, they can be unlearned.
What is the main focus of psychoanalysis?
Psychoanalysis is defined as a set of psychological theories and therapeutic techniques that have their origin in the work and theories of Sigmund Freud. 1 The core of psychoanalysis is the belief that all people possess unconscious thoughts, feelings, desires, and memories.
What is the difference between behaviorism and psychoanalysis?
In contrast to behaviorism, psychoanalysis is much more concerned with inner processes (e.g., defense mechanisms or processes) than with overt behaviors. Needless to say, animal behavior is a dominant topic of research in behaviorism, which has no counterpart in psychoanalysis.