The cell division process that produces new cells for growth, repair, and the general replacement of older cells is called mitosis. In this process, a somatic cell divides into two complete new cells that are identical to the original one.
Does mitosis make 2 new somatic cells?
Mitosis is the process of creating two identically genetic somatic cells with the diploid number of chromosomes. Unlike meiosis, only two daughter cells are created, and they are genetically identical.
Does mitosis create two daughter cells?
Mitosis creates two identical daughter cells that each contain the same number of chromosomes as their parent cell. … These new combinations result from the exchange of DNA between paired chromosomes. Such exchange means that the gametes produced through meiosis exhibit an amazing range of genetic variation.
How does human life depend on mitosis?
Replacement and regeneration of new cells– Regeneration and replacement of worn-out and damaged tissues is a very important function of mitosis in living organisms. Mitosis helps in the production of identical copies of cells and thus helps in repairing the damaged tissue or replacing the worn-out cells.
What cells does mitosis make?
When a cell divides by way of mitosis, it produces two clones of itself, each with the same number of chromosomes. When a cell divides by way of meiosis, it produces four cells, called gametes. Gametes are more commonly called sperm in males and eggs in females.
What happens to DNA in each stage of mitosis?
During telophase, the newly separated chromosomes reach the mitotic spindle and a nuclear membrane forms around each set of chromosomes, thus creating two separate nuclei inside the same cell. As Figure 4 illustrates, the cytoplasm then divides to produce two identical cells.
What would happen if mitosis were uncontrolled?
It is used for growth and repair of different cells. This is also regulated by genes and proteins however when mitosis occurs in an uncontrolled manner, it will replicate the cells rapidly and repeatedly. This will lead to the development of mass of cells or tumor which will later on lead to cancer.