Somatic cells can be found everywhere in the body whereas reproductive cells are limited to reproductive organs. … They are diploid, meaning they have a full set of chromosomes and replicate through mitosis for the body to repair damaged tissue and develop. In humans, a diploid cell has 46 chromosomes.
How are reproductive cells different from non reproductive cells?
Unlike the non-reproductive cells that undergo mitosis, reproductive cells undergo the process of meiosis. … The gametes are haploids and contain only half the chromosomes as compared to the parent cell (which are diploid), and thus have only half the genetic information as compared to the parent cell.
What do reproductive cells do?
reproductive cell – a spermatozoon or an ovum; a cell responsible for transmitting DNA to the next generation.
What are the two types of somatic cells in your body?
Some examples of somatic cells include nerve cells, skin cells, and blood cells. Germ cells have half the number of chromosomes that somatic cells have.
What are somatic cells example?
Examples of somatic cells are cells of internal organs, skin, bones, blood and connective tissues. In comparison, the somatic cells contain a full set of chromosomes whereas the reproductive cells contain only half. … Synonym: body cells.
What are the three phases of somatic cell replication?
The Cell Cycle. One “turn” or cycle of the cell cycle consists of three general phases: interphase, mitosis, and cytokinesis. Interphase is the period of the cell cycle during which the cell is not dividing. The majority of cells are in interphase most of the time.
Are gametes made from somatic cells?
Gametes contain half the chromosomes contained in normal diploid cells of the body, which are also known as somatic cells. Haploid gametes are produced during meiosis, which is a type of cell division that reduces the number of chromosomes in a parent diploid cell by half.
Do somatic cells have 46 chromosomes?
All somatic (body) cells (gametes [sperm and egg] are not called somatic cells) have 46 chromosomes (40 in the mouse), half of which came from the father and half from the mother.