Lazarus (1991) developed the cognitive-mediational theory that asserts our emotions are determined by our appraisal of the stimulus. This appraisal mediates between the stimulus and the emotional response, and it is immediate and often unconscious.
What is Mediational theory?
the hypothesis that stimuli affect behavior indirectly through an intervening process, as opposed to a simpler stimulus–response model.
What is Schachter’s cognitive theory?
the theory that experiencing and identifying emotional states are functions of both physiological arousal and cognitive interpretations of the physical state. Also called attribution of emotion; cognitive arousal theory of emotion; Schachter theory; two-factor theory of emotion.
What is Lazarus and Folkman’s cognitive theory of stress?
The transactional model of stress and coping developed by Lazarus and Folkman (1987) explained coping as a phenomenon that involves both cognitive and behavioral responses that individuals use in an attempt to manage internal and/or external stressors perceived to exceed their personal resources.
What are the 3 elements of Lazarus model of stress?
Three types are distinguished: harm, threat, and challenge (Lazarus and Folkman 1984). Harm refers to the (psychological) damage or loss that has already happened. Threat is the anticipation of harm that may be imminent. Challenge results from demands that a person feels confident about mastering.
What are the 4 theories of emotion?
These include evolutionary theories, the James-Lange theory, the Cannon-Bard theory, Schacter and Singer’s two-factor theory, and cognitive appraisal.
How does the Cannon Bard theory explain emotion?
The Cannon-Bard theory states that the lower part of the brain, also called the thalamus, controls your experience of emotion. At the same time, the higher part of the brain, also called the cortex, controls the expression of emotion. It is believed that these two parts of the brain react simultaneously.