What does generalization mean in psychology?

Generalization, in psychology, the tendency to respond in the same way to different but similar stimuli. For example, a dog conditioned to salivate to a tone of a particular pitch and loudness will also salivate with considerable regularity in response to tones of higher and lower pitch.

What are some examples of generalization?

Examples of Generalization

  • All parents try to make life difficult for their children.
  • Every salesman lies to make more money on a sale.
  • Homework is very easy.
  • Homework is very hard.
  • The United States is colder than Europe.
  • Women all want to have large families.
  • Men are all afraid of commitment.

What causes generalization in psychology?

Generalization refers to a process within operant and classical conditioning, where a conditioned response (CR) starts occurring in response to the presentation of other, similar stimuli, not just the conditioned stimulus (CS). For example, a dog is trained to sit (CR) when you give the command, “sit” (CS).

What is an example of stimulus generalization in psychology?

For example, if a child has been conditioned to fear a stuffed white rabbit, it will exhibit a fear of objects similar to the conditioned stimulus such as a white toy rat. One famous psychology experiment perfectly illustrated how stimulus generalization works.

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What is the most famous example of generalization?

One of the most famous examples of stimulus generalization took place in an early psychology experiment. In the Little Albert experiment, the behaviorist John B. Watson and his assistant Rosalie Rayner conditioned a little boy to fear a white rat.

What is generalization and example?

Generalization, in psychology, the tendency to respond in the same way to different but similar stimuli. … For example, a child who is scared by a man with a beard may fail to discriminate between bearded men and generalize that all men with beards are to be feared.

What are the three types of generalization?

Generalization includes three specific forms: Stimulus generalization, response generalization, and maintenance. Stimulus generalization involves the occurrence of a behavior in response to another similar stimulus.

What is concept and generalization?

A generalization is a form of abstraction whereby common properties of specific instances are formulated as general concepts or claims. … Every instance of concept B is also an instance of concept A. There are instances of concept A which are not instances of concept B.

What is an example of response generalization?

Response generalization occurs when your child shows a positive learned behavior in a novel way and is something that you should look for to gauge your child’s progress. For example, after learning to use a spoon to eat cereal, response generalization would include your child selecting to use a spoon to eat ice cream.

What is the process of generalization?

1 : the act or process of generalizing. 2 : a general statement, law, principle, or proposition made broad generalizations about women. 3 : the act or process whereby a learned response is made to a stimulus similar to but not identical with the conditioned stimulus.

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What is stimulus generalization in simple terms?

Stimulus generalization is the evocation of a nonreinforced response to a stimulus that is very similar to an original conditioned stimulus. The stimulus generalization model presupposes identical elements that enable generalization to occur.

What is an example of extinction in psychology?

In psychology, extinction refers to the gradual weakening of a conditioned response that results in the behavior decreasing or disappearing. In other words, the conditioned behavior eventually stops. For example, imagine that you taught your dog to shake hands. Over time, the trick became less interesting.

What is an example of discrimination in psychology?

Psychology’s definition of discrimination is when the same organism responds differently to different stimuli. For example, let’s say you were bitten by a dog when you were a young child. As a result, you tense up and feel nervous every time you see a dog. The dog is a stimulus which triggers a specific reaction.