What is cognitive and metacognitive principles?

use strategic thinking in their approach to learning, reasoning, problem solving, and concept learning. They understand and can use a variety of strategies to help them reach learning and performance goals, and to apply their knowledge in novel situation.

What are the 6 principles of cognitive and metacognitive factors?

Cognitive and metacognitive factors

  • Principle 1: Nature of the learning process.
  • Principle 2: Goals of the learning process.
  • Principle 3: Construction of knowledge.
  • Principle 4: Strategic thinking.
  • Principle 5: Thinking about thinking.
  • Principle 6: Context of learning.

What are metacognitive principles?

Metacognition is, put simply, thinking about one’s thinking. More precisely, it refers to the processes used to plan, monitor, and assess one’s understanding and performance. Metacognition includes a critical awareness of a) one’s thinking and learning and b) oneself as a thinker and learner.

How do we apply cognitive and metacognitive factors in teaching?

7 Strategies That Improve Metacognition

  1. Teach students how their brains are wired for growth. …
  2. Give students practice recognizing what they don’t understand. …
  3. Provide opportunities to reflect on coursework. …
  4. Have students keep learning journals. …
  5. Use a “wrapper” to increase students’ monitoring skills. …
  6. Consider essay vs.
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What are the factors of metacognition?

There are generally two components of metacognition: (1) knowledge about cognition and (2) regulation of cognition. Metamemory, defined as knowing about memory and mnemonic strategies, is an especially important form of metacognition.

What are the 3 categories of metacognition?

Metacognitive knowledge refers to acquired knowledge about cognitive processes, knowledge that can be used to control cognitive processes. Flavell further divides metacognitive knowledge into three categories: knowledge of person variables, task variables and strategy variables.

What is an example of metacognition?

Examples of metacognitive activities include planning how to approach a learning task, using appropriate skills and strategies to solve a problem, monitoring one’s own comprehension of text, self-assessing and self-correcting in response to the self-assessment, evaluating progress toward the completion of a task, and …

Why is metacognition important in life?

This ability encourages students to understand how they learn best. It also helps them to develop self-awareness skills that become important as they get older. People who have developed metacognition are able to assess their thought processes and reframe the way they think to adapt to new situations.

What are the 5 metacognitive strategies?

Metacognitive Strategies

  • identifying one’s own learning style and needs.
  • planning for a task.
  • gathering and organizing materials.
  • arranging a study space and schedule.
  • monitoring mistakes.
  • evaluating task success.
  • evaluating the success of any learning strategy and adjusting.

What are the 3 principles for effective metacognitive instruction?

What are the principles of effective metacognitive instruction?

  • Good Practice Encourages Contacts Between Students and Faculty.
  • Good Practice Develops Reciprocity and Cooperation Among Students.
  • Good Practice Uses Active Learning Techniques.
  • Good Practice Gives Prompt Feedback.
  • Good Practice Emphasizes Time on Task.
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What are metacognitive activities?

Activities for Metacognition

  • Identify what they already know.
  • Articulate what they learned.
  • Communicate their knowledge, skills, and abilities to a specific audience, such as a hiring committee.
  • Set goals and monitor their progress.
  • Evaluate and revise their own work.
  • Identify and implement effective learning strategies.

How does metacognition influence learning?

Research shows metacognition (sometimes referred to as self-regulation) increases student motivation because students feel more in control of their own learning. Students who learn metacognitive strategies are more aware of their own thinking, and more likely to be active learners who learn more deeply.

What is a cognitive factor?

Cognitive factors refer to characteristics of the person that affect performance and learning. These factors serve to modulate performance such that it may improve or decline. These factors involve cognitive functions like attention, memory, and reasoning (Danili & Reid, 2006).