A form of classical conditioning in which the conditioned stimulus precedes the unconditioned stimulus by a significant time period and the organism learns to withhold its conditioned response. See delay conditioning. From: delayed conditioning in A Dictionary of Psychology »
What is delay and trace conditioning?
The defining difference between delay and trace classical conditioning is simple: in delay conditioning, the unconditioned stimulus (US) immediately follows or coterminates with the conditioned stimulus (CS), whereas in trace conditioning, the CS and US are separated in time by a “trace” interval.
Is Delayed conditioning effective?
(2012), response- stimulus conditioning should be effective to condition neutral stimuli (i.e., pictures) as conditioned stimuli. Further, based on the results of the basic literature with non- human animals, delayed conditioning should establish conditioned reinforcers more effectively than simultaneous conditioning.
What is an example of backward conditioning in psychology?
Backward conditioning (also known as backward pairing) is a behavior conditioning method in which the unconditioned stimulus (US) is presented before a neutral stimulus (NS). … So to use a Pavlovian example, an experimenter rings a bell (NS) before they present the food (UCS).
Is trace conditioning most effective?
This occurs when the conditioned stimulus is presented and terminated before the unconditioned stimulus is presented, allowing a time lag between the two. ‘If this time lapse is longer than 1/2 a second, trace conditioning is not very effective. … ‘This is not the most effective way of classical conditioning.
What are the types of conditioning in psychology?
There are three main types of learning: classical conditioning, operant conditioning, and observational learning. Both classical and operant conditioning are forms of associative learning, in which associations are made between events that occur together.
What do you mean by delayed conditioning?
in classical conditioning, a procedure in which the conditioned stimulus is presented, and remains present, for a fixed period (the delay) before the unconditioned stimulus is introduced. After repeated exposure to such pairings, a conditioned response develops.
Why is delay conditioning the best?
delayed conditioning (forward) – the CS is presented before the US and it (CS) stays on until the US is presented. This is generally the best, especially when the delay is short.
What is a delayed conditioning?
A form of classical conditioning in which the conditioned stimulus precedes the unconditioned stimulus by a significant time period and the organism learns to withhold its conditioned response. See delay conditioning.
What is blocking in psychology?
Blocking refers to the finding that less is learned about the relationship between a stimulus and an outcome if pairings are conducted in the presence of a second stimulus that has previously been established as a reliable predictor of that outcome.
Why is it called trace conditioning?
The interval separating the CS offset and the US onset is called the trace interval. This paradigm was named trace conditioning by Pavlov because in order for conditioning to occur, the subject (i.e., the subject’s brain) must maintain a memory “trace” of the CS.
What is simultaneous conditioning in psychology?
a classical conditioning technique in which the conditioned stimulus and the unconditioned stimulus are presented at the same time.