Drive Reduction Theory. – States that our behavior is motivated by biological needs. – A need is one of our requirements for survival (e.g., food, water, shelter). – A drive is our impulse to act in a way that satisfies this need. – Our body seeks homeostasis, a balanced internal state.
What is drive reduction theory in psychology?
a theory of learning in which the goal of motivated behavior is a reduction of a drive state. It is assumed that all motivated behavior arises from drives, stemming from a disruption in homeostasis, and that responses that lead to reduction of those drives tend to be reinforced or strengthened.
Which is drive reduction theory?
Drive-reduction theory was first developed by Clark Hull in 1943. According to this theory, deviations from homeostasis create physiological needs. These needs result in psychological drive states that direct behavior to meet the need and, ultimately, bring the system back to homeostasis.
What is drive reduction theory example?
For example, a person has come to know that if he or she eats when hungry, it will eliminate that negative feeling of hunger, or if they drink when thirsty, it will eliminate that negative feeling of thirst. Drive Reduction Theory works well for simple matters- you get hungry, you seek food.
What is drive reduction theory and what is homeostasis quizlet?
Drive Reduction Theory. A theory of motivation stating that motivation arises from imbalances in homeostasis. – No water for some time => the chemical balance of your body fluids is disturbed, creating a biological need for water. Related Words: Instinct Theory, Arousal Theory, Incentive Theory.
What is the main idea of the drive theory?
Drive theory is based on the principle that organisms are born with certain psychological needs and that a negative state of tension is created when these needs are not satisfied. When a need is satisfied, drive is reduced and the organism returns to a state of homeostasis and relaxation.
How does the drive reduction theory play a role in eating behavior?
Point 1 Drive-reduction theory: Responses should explain that a physiological need creates a psychological drive of hunger that affects eating behavior. … Note: Responses may describe that a lack of physiological need, creating a lack of psychological drive of hunger, reduces eating behavior.
How is the drive reduction theory of motivation different from the incentive theory?
The drive-reduction theory of motivation suggests that we are motivated to keep our body’s homeostasis balanced. For example, Jack turns on the air conditioner because he feels hot. The incentive theory, on the other hand, purports that it is external factors, through positive association, that motivate us.
What is Hull’s drive reduction theory?
A theory of motivation developed by Clark L. Hull, the Drive-Reduction Theory focuses on how motivation originates from biological needs or drives. In this theory, Hull proposed a person’s behaviour is an external display of his desire to satisfy his physical deficiencies.
What is Hull’s theory?
Specifically, Hull’s theory posits that behaviors that satisfy needs, later described by Hull as cravings rather than needs, reduce these cravings. He called this concept drive-reduction, or drive-stimulus reduction.
What does drive reduction theory fail to explain?
Drive reduction theory lost favor over the years because it failed to explain human actions that produced, rather than reduced, tension. Many people enjoy riding roller coasters or skydiving, for instance, despite the fact that such activity may cause fear and anxiety.