Cognitive impairment in older adults has a variety of possible causes, including medication side effects; metabolic and/or endocrine derangements; delirium due to illness (such as a urinary tract or COVID-19 infection); depression; and dementia, with Alzheimer’s dementia being most common.
What are the main causes of cognitive impairment?
Cognitive impairment can arise from virtually any poorly controlled chronic disease of the brain or the body’s organs, including hypertension, high cholesterol, heart disease, stroke, peripheral vascular disease, hypothyroidism, diabetes, chronic obstructive lung disease, kidney disease, infections, severe pain …
What are the most affected cognitive functions in the elderly?
The basic cognitive functions most affected by age are attention and memory.
Memory. One of the most common cognitive complaints among older adults is change in memory. Indeed, as a group older adults do not perform as well as younger adults on a variety of learning and memory tests.
What are two common causes of cognitive impairment?
What causes mild cognitive impairment?
- Depression, stress, and anxiety.
- Thyroid, kidney or liver problems.
- Sleep apnea and other sleep disorders.
- Diseases or conditions that affect blood flow in the brain (tumors, blood clots, stroke. …
- Low vitamin B12 levels or other nutrient levels.
- Eye or hearing problems.
- An infection.
What are the 8 cognitive skills?
Cognitive skills are the essential qualities your brain utilizes to think, listen, learn, understand, justify, question, and pay close attention.
What is one of the first signs of cognitive decline?
Signs that you may be experiencing cognitive decline include:
- Forgetting appointments and dates.
- Forgetting recent conversations and events.
- Feeling increasingly overwhelmed by making decisions and plans.
- Having a hard time understanding directions or instructions.
- Losing your sense of direction.
What are the 10 warning signs of dementia?
The 10 warning signs of dementia
- Sign 1: Memory loss that affects day-to-day abilities. …
- Sign 2: Difficulty performing familiar tasks. …
- Sign 3: Problems with language. …
- Sign 4: Disorientation in time and space. …
- Sign 5: Impaired judgement. …
- Sign 6: Problems with abstract thinking. …
- Sign 7: Misplacing things.
What are examples of cognitive disorders?
Cognitive disorders include dementia, amnesia, and delirium. In these disorders, patients are no longer fully oriented to time and space. Depending on the cause, the diagnosis of a cognitive disorder may be temporary or progressive.