What is the lowest level of explanation for behavior according to a reductionist approach?
The lowest level of reductionism offers physiological explanation: these attempt to explain behavior in terms of neurochemical, genes and brain structure. At the highest sociocultural level, explanations focus on the influence on behavior of where and how we live.
What is reductionist approach?
Reductionism is a theory in psychology centered on reducing complex phenomena into their most basic parts. … The purpose of reductionism is to simplify psychological events and processes by looking at their smallest elements, thus “reducing” something rather complex into its most simple.
What are the three types of reductionism?
Introduction. Reduction (reductionism) encompasses several, related philosophical themes. At least three types can be distinguished: ontological, methodological, and epistemic (Sarkar 1992; cf. Nagel 1998).
Is the Behavioural approach reductionist?
The behaviorist approach and social learning are reductionist; they isolate parts of complex behaviors to study. The behaviorists take the view that all behavior, no matter how complex, can be broken down into the fundamental processes of conditioning.
Why is reductionism bad?
In doing so, ideological reductionism manifests a cascade of errors in method and logic: reification, arbitrary agglomeration, improper quantification, confusion of statistical artefact with biological reality, spurious localization and misplaced causality.
What is reductionism give an example?
Thus, the ideas that physical bodies are collections of atoms or that a given mental state (e.g., one person’s belief that snow is white) is identical to a particular physical state (the firing of certain neurons in that person’s brain) are examples of reductionism. …
What is another word for reductionist?
In this page you can discover 15 synonyms, antonyms, idiomatic expressions, and related words for reductionist, like: reductionistic, mechanistic, reductionism, positivist, materialist, relativist, determinist, rationalistic, positivistic, reductive and functionalist.
What is the opposite of reductionist?
The opposite of reductionism is ‘holism‘. This approach is traced back to a statement made by Aristotle in his ‘Metaphysics’:2 ‘The whole is more than the sum of its parts.
What is the difference between reductionist and holistic approach?
Reductionism is when complex behaviours are separated into simpler components, in contrast, the holism approach looks at it as a whole. Reductionism can overlook other causes behind behaviour and is in danger of over-simplifying human behaviour.
What is a reductionist argument?
If someone believes that you can break complex theories into simple, smaller parts, you can call that person a reductionist. … The preference for simplifying, especially when it involves breaking complicated ideas into smaller, less complicated ideas, is reductionist.
What is an ontological reductionism?
Ontological reductionism is the metaphysical doctrine that entities of a certain kind are in reality collections or combinations of entities of a simpler or more basic kind.