What type of mental disorder is bipolar?

Bipolar disorder is a mental illness that causes dramatic shifts in a person’s mood, energy and ability to think clearly. People with bipolar experience high and low moods—known as mania and depression—which differ from the typical ups-and-downs most people experience.

Is bipolar considered a mood disorder?

Overview. A mood disorder is a mental health class that health professionals use to broadly describe all types of depression and bipolar disorders. Children, teens, and adults can have mood disorders.

What category does bipolar disorder fall under?

Bipolar disorder is within the family of mood (affective) disorders.

Is bipolar a complex disorder?

But because the pattern of highs and lows varies for each person, bipolar disorder is a complex disorder to diagnose. For some people, mania or depression can last for weeks or months (or rarely, even a year or more). For other people, bipolar disorder takes the form of frequent and more brief mood episodes.

What triggers bipolar?

Factors that may increase the risk of developing bipolar disorder or act as a trigger for the first episode include: Having a first-degree relative, such as a parent or sibling, with bipolar disorder. Periods of high stress, such as the death of a loved one or other traumatic event. Drug or alcohol abuse.

What is a bipolar person like?

People with bipolar experience both episodes of severe depression, and episodes of mania – overwhelming joy, excitement or happiness, huge energy, a reduced need for sleep, and reduced inhibitions. The experience of bipolar is uniquely personal. No two people have exactly the same experience.

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Does Bipolar worsen with age?

Bipolar may worsen with age or over time if this condition is left untreated. As time goes on, a person may experience episodes that are more severe and more frequent than when symptoms first appeared.

Can bipolar be seen on a brain scan?

Brain scans of people with bipolar disorder may have some differences or anomalies. Differences may be physical or show diminished or increased activity in the brain. Currently, doctors do not use brain images to diagnose bipolar disorder.

Is bipolar brain damage?

A study by researchers at the San Francisco VA Medical Center indicates that people with bipolar disorder may suffer progressive brain damage.

Can bipolar go away?

Although the symptoms come and go, bipolar disorder usually requires lifetime treatment and does not go away on its own. Bipolar disorder can be an important factor in suicide, job loss, and family discord, but proper treatment leads to better outcomes.