How does the nervous system control the process of breathing?

Breathing is an automatic and rhythmic act produced by networks of neurons in the hindbrain (the pons and medulla). The neural networks direct muscles that form the walls of the thorax and abdomen and produce pressure gradients that move air into and out of the lungs.

What nerves control breathing?

The phrenic nerve controls the diaphragm, which is the major muscle for breathing. Three major nerves (given the symbols C3, C4, C5) exit from the spinal cord in the neck and combine to form the phrenic nerve. Right and left phrenic nerves to travel between the lung and heart to power each side of the diaphragm.

What muscles do you use to breathe?

The diaphragm is the most efficient muscle of breathing. It is a large, dome-shaped muscle located at the base of the lungs. Your abdominal muscles help move the diaphragm and give you more power to empty your lungs.

Which muscles do we use to breathe?

The diaphragm: Located below the lungs, the diaphragm is the main muscle needed to breathe. It separates the chest and abdominal cavities and contracts to help inflate the lungs. Intercostal muscles: Located between the ribs, these muscles give the lungs room to breathe by expanding and contracting the chest cavity.

Can a pinched nerve affect breathing?

Often caused by an acute injury or accident, a thoracic compressed nerve causes pain in the upper back, chest and torso. PATIENTS COMPLAIN OF: radiating pain in the chest and back. weakness and shortness of breath.

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What are symptoms of vagus nerve damage?

Potential symptoms of damage to the vagus nerve include:

  • difficulty speaking or loss of voice.
  • a voice that is hoarse or wheezy.
  • trouble drinking liquids.
  • loss of the gag reflex.
  • pain in the ear.
  • unusual heart rate.
  • abnormal blood pressure.
  • decreased production of stomach acid.

Are lungs located in front or back?

Where are the lungs found? The lungs are found in the chest on the right and left side. At the front they extend from just above the collarbone (clavicle) at the top of the chest to about the sixth rib down. At the back of the chest the lungs finish around the tenth rib.