Psychology can be defined as the scientific study of the human mind and behavior. … So the main difference between psychology and social psychology is that while psychology encompasses a general outlook to a variety of aspects of human life, social psychology concentrates on the social influences on the individual only.
Topics examined in social psychology include: the self concept, social cognition, attribution theory, social influence, group processes, prejudice and discrimination, interpersonal processes, aggression, attitudes and stereotypes.
Social Thinking, Social Influence, and Social Behavior. Social psychology focuses on three main areas: social thinking, social influence, and social behavior. Each of these overlapping areas of study is displayed in Figure 1.1.
Chapter 1.2-The Four Core Assumptions of Social Psychology
- Behavior Is a Joint Product of the Person and the Situation.
- Behavior Depends on a Socially Constructed View of Reality.
- Behavior Is Strongly Influenced by Our Social Cognition.
- The Best Way to Understand Social Behavior Is to Use the Scientific Method.
The 9 Major Research Areas in Social Psychology
- Social Cognition.
- Violence and Aggression.
- Prosocial Behavior.
- Prejudice and Discrimination.
- Social Identity.
- Group Behavior.
- Social Influence.
The major themes are:
- Social cognition and perception.
- The self in a social context.
- Attitudes and persuasion.
- Group decisions.
- Attraction and close relationships.
- Prosocial behavior.
- Stereotypes, prejudice, and discrimination.