Social cognition refers to our thoughts about and interpretations of ourselves and other people. Over time, we develop schemas and attitudes to help us better understand and more successfully interact with others. Affect refers to the feelings that we experience as part of life and includes both moods and emotions.
Four processes of social cognition are reviewed including: (1) cognitive architecture; (2) automaticity and control; (3) motivated reasoning; and (4) accessibility, frames, and expectations.
- Understanding one’s own and others’ minds (including the use of social radar)
- Emotional coping (mental health challenges)
- Social problem solving.
- Peer interaction including play.
- Academic skills.
- Bullying, tricks, mental manipulation.
There are, however, two importantly different types of unconscious social cognition: (i) unconsciousness of the influences on judgment and behavior and (ii) unconsciousness of the mental states (i.e., attitudes and feelings) that give rise to such judgments and behaviors.
Cognitive social learning theory takes into account the mutual influences of the individual, the physical and psychosocial environment and the task or behavior to be learned. All these factors are important in learning.
Social Cognitive Theory (SCT) started as the Social Learning Theory (SLT) in the 1960s by Albert Bandura. It developed into the SCT in 1986 and posits that learning occurs in a social context with a dynamic and reciprocal interaction of the person, environment, and behavior.
Social cognition concerns the various psychological processes that enable individuals to take advantage of being part of a social group. Of major importance to social cognition are the various social signals that enable us to learn about the world. … We can learn a great deal simply by observing others.
What are the 5 cognitive processes?
These cognitive processes include thinking, knowing, remembering, judging, and problem-solving. 1 These are higher-level functions of the brain and encompass language, imagination, perception, and planning.
There are four main components of social perception: observation, attribution, integration, and confirmation. Observations serve as the raw data of social perception—an interplay of three sources: persons, situations, and behavior.