What causes cognitive flexibility?

What affects cognitive flexibility?

In addition, there is evidence that points to the effects of permanent emotional moods, such as anxiety, on cognitive flexibility. Compared to high levels of anxiety, low levels of anxiety seem to promote cognitive flexibility (Ansari et al., 2008; Derakshan et al., 2009).

What does cognitive flexibility look like?

Cognitive flexibility occurs in two main ways: The ability to think about multiple things at the same time. The ability to modify thinking based on a change in expectations and/or demands.

Does cognitive flexibility decrease with age?

Cognitive flexibility declines with age and often results in an inability to adapt to new situations and environments. The Wisconsin card sorting task, which requires individuals to adapt to new rules, shows that normal aging decreases cognitive flexibility in humans (Boone et al., 1993).

Can cognitive flexibility be taught?

Cognitive flexibility is part of our nature, but it can also be learned. More importantly, it can also be taught to students who are very rigid in their thinking and in their views of the world.

When does cognitive flexibility develop?

For example, when individuals are better able to shift their thinking from situation to situation they will focus less on stressors within these situations. In general, researchers in the field focus on development of cognitive flexibility between the ages of three and five.

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What is an example of flexible thinking?

Flexible thinking is when kids are able to think about something in a new way. Set shifting is when they can let go of the old way of doing something in order to use a new way. Here’s an example of how those skills work together. … Set shifting helps them “unlearn” the old bunny-ears way in order to use the new method.

Which test is most often used to assess a child’s cognitive flexibility?

Consistent with the approach to examine cognitive flexibility via task switching performance, the Trail Making Test (TMT) is a widely used neuropsychological measure of mental flexibility and executive function [26].

Why do some problems require cognitive flexibility?

Cognitive flexibility helps tolerate changes that may occur when problem solving or carrying out a task. … They can capture various dimensions of reality, see from different points of view, and recognize hidden relationships, which allows them to easily find different solutions to the same problem.