What is fluid intelligence in psychology quizlet?
-Fluid intelligence is the capacity to think logically and solve problems in novel situations, independent of acquired knowledge. Fluid intelligence involves the ability to identify patterns and relationships that underpin novel problems and to extrapolate these findings using logic.
Where is fluid intelligence in the brain?
Fluid intelligence involves both the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex, the anterior cingulate cortex, and other systems related to attention and short-term memory. Crystallized intelligence appears to be a function of brain regions that involve the storage and usage of long-term memories, such as the hippocampus.
Which ability best defines fluid intelligence?
Fluid intelligence is the ability to use logic and solve problems in new or novel situations without reference to pre-existing knowledge. Crystallized intelligence is the ability to use knowledge that was previously acquired through education and experience.
Is IQ the same as fluid intelligence?
While scientists have always argued that IQ is baked into our DNA at birth, new research is finding that certain aspects of intelligence are influenced by working memory, a cognitive skill that can be exercised. … Fluid intelligence is the ability to reason quickly and to think abstractly.
Does fluid intelligence increase with age?
Background: Fluid intelligence declines with advancing age, starting in early adulthood. Within-subject declines in fluid intelligence are highly correlated with contemporaneous declines in the ability to live and function independently.
How do you test for fluid intelligence?
Raven’s Advanced Progressive Matrices (RAPM) were used to measure fluid intelligence, Digit Span Sequencing (DSS) was used to measure working memory, Trail Making Test (TMT) was used to measure cognitive flexibility, Design Fluency Test (DFT) was used to measure creativity, and Tower Test (TT) was used to measure …
What are examples of crystallized intelligence?
The use of crystallized intelligence involves the recalling of pre-existing information as well as skills. For example, knowing how to ride a bike or read a book. Horn (1969) explained that Crystallized Intelligence is a “precipitate out of experience” which stems from a prior application of fluid intelligence.
Which intellectual ability is most likely to improve with age?
Crystallized intelligence increases with age.
Can intelligence be improved?
Although science is on the fence about whether you can raise your IQ or not, research does seem to suggest that it’s possible to raise your intelligence through certain brain-training activities. Training your memory, executive control, and visuospatial reasoning can help to boost your intelligence levels.
Can fluid intelligence be improved?
“Fluid intelligence is the capacity to think logically and solve problems in novel situations, independent of acquired knowledge. … In short, fluid intelligence is your innate knowledge bank. Unlike crystallized intelligence, it cannot be improved by practice or learning.