What is somatic cell fusion?

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What is somatic cell fusion in animals?

Somatic cell fusion or Hybrid cells can be produced by fusing different types of somatic cells from two different tissues or species in a cell culture media. … That is a single hybrid cell will have two nuclei, one from each of the fused cells. After some time, the two different nuclei fuse to form a single nucleus.

What is meant by somatic cell hybridization?

Somatic hybridization is the technique that allows manipulation of the cellular genome by a process called protoplast fusion. It is a type of genetic modification in plants by which two distinct species of plants are fused together to form a new hybrid plant with the characteristics of both.

What do mean by protoplast fusion?

Definition English: Somatic fusion, also called protoplast fusion, is a type of genetic modification in plants by which two distinct species of plants are fused together to form a new hybrid plant with the characteristics of both, a somatic hybrid.

What is somatic hybridisation give an example?

Answer: The process of fusion of protoplast of somatic cells derived from different varieties and or species of plants on a suitable nutrient medium to produce the somatic hybrids is called somatic hybridization. For example pomato is the somatic hybrid obtained by the protoplast fusion of tomato and potato.

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How is somatic hybridization carried out?

Isolated single cells from plants and after digesting their cell walls, isolated naked protoplasts (surrounded by plasma membrane). Isolated protoplasts from two different varieties of plants each having a desirable character are fused to get hybrid protoplasts. … These hybrids are called somatic hybrids.

Which one is required for somatic hybridization?

Regeneration from protoplasts is one prerequisite for the successful use of somatic hybridization. Several attempts have been made to use protoplast fusion among Fagopyrum species, whereas the most successful attempts have been attained in plant regeneration from protoplasts in common buckwheat (F.